PLEA’s Law 30 Resource Portal


Examine how and why youth are treated differently than adults in Canadian law.

Indicators for this outcome

(a) Analyze the fundamental rights described in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and the guiding principles of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2003).

Lesson 1.3: Philosophy and Principles of the Youth Criminal Justice Act from Teaching Youth Justice (LT1-c)

(b) Explore changes in Canadian legislation regarding youth such as the Juvenile Delinquents Act (1908), the Young Offenders Act (1984), the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2003) regarding youth, including the legal definition of youth.

Lesson 1.1: Youth Justice: An Introduction
from Teaching Youth Justice (CR2-b, CR2-c, LT1-c)

(c) Examine the rights youth are provided under the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2003).

Teaching Youth Justice (CR1-j, CR2-b, CR2-g, CR2-l, CR3-h, LT1-a, LT1-b, LT1-i, LT1-j)
The PLEA: The Youth Criminal Justice Act

(d) Discuss systemic factors that may lead to youth criminality (e.g., addictions, trauma, poverty, gangs, violence).

(e) Explore how brain maturity can have an impact on youths’ criminal behaviour.

Age of Criminal Responsibility from Lesson 1.1 of Teaching Youth Justice (LT1-c)

(f) Debate the rationale for treating youth differently from adults with respect to issues such as:

  • voting age;
  • driving;
  • age of consent;
  • school attendance;
  • contracts;
  • criminality;
  • medical treatment with or without parental consent; and,
  • consumption and purchasing controlled substances.

Lowering the Voting Age? from Lesson 3.2 of Our Government Our Election
The PLEA: Hanging Out and Hooking Up
At What Age Can I?

(g) Describe current Saskatchewan laws that are designed to protect the rights of youth and to regulate their behaviour such as:

  • the Child and Family Services Act (1989-90);
  • the Advocate for Children and Youth Act (2012);
  • the Education Act (1995); and,
  • The Saskatchewan Employment Act (2013).


Explain the legal rights of youth with respect to:

  • wishes regarding parenting arrangements;
  • protection from physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect; and,
  • right to sue for damages.

Parenting FAQ

Examine how youth are treated differently than adults in the criminal justice system during arrest, detention, trial, sentencing and incarceration.

Section Two: Youth, the Police, and Arrest from Teaching Youth Justice (LT1-c)
Section Three: Youth and the Courts from Teaching Youth Justice (LT1-c)

Examine scenarios where youth could be charged and sentenced as an adult in Canadian law.

Lesson 3.6: Sentencing In Depth: Adult Sentences from Teaching Youth Justice (LT1-c, LT1-i)

(k) Compare public perception versus patterns and statistics over time regarding youth crime.

History of Youth Justice from Lesson 1.1 of Teaching Youth Justice (LT1-c)

(l) Identify and justify the age of consent for different legal circumstances such as contracts, sexual consent, medical consent, tattoos, piercings, use of social media and online spaces.

The PLEA: Hanging Out and Hooking Up (LT1-f)

Discuss the limits on freedom of expression when using social media.

Equality, Empathy, and Freedom of Expression from Albert Camus' The Plague: The Learning Resource (FL3-b, FL3-e)

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